Irish History from 1600 - 1650 AD
Hugh O'Neill and Hugh O'Donnell were defeated by Mountjoy at the
Battle of Kinsale.
James I came to the throne of England following the death of Elizabeth
Hugh O'Neill surrendered.
Tudor conquest of Ireland completed.
English law enforced throughout Ireland.
Scottish settlers were 'planted' in the Ards peninsula area of Ulster.
Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tyrone, and Rory, son of Hugh O'Donnell, Earl of
Tyrconnell went into exile rather than submit to English rule ('The
Flight of the Earls').
Confiscation of land in Ulster began. Confiscations planned and
carried out in a number of areas of the region including Derry.
Catholics held Only 59 % of land in Ireland.
Catholic-Gaelic's rebelled in an attempt to regain confiscated lands.
Estimated 12,000 Protestant planters were killed during the rebellion
that was finally crushed in 1649.
English Civil War began.
Cromwell's army left Britain for Ireland.
Cromwell's army captured Drogheda, Wexford, and other Irish cities.
Catholic landowners were exiled to Connaught ("to Hell or Connaught!").
Cromwell's army left Ireland.
| Gaelic is the Celtic branch of the Indo-European
family of languages. About one person in five in Ireland can speak
Irish today, but only one in 20 use it daily. In Scotland
approximately 80,000 people speak Gaelic. |
Saint Patrick (about 389-461) is the patron saint of
Ireland. Patrick was born in Britain.|
Ireland, together with Britain, joined
the European Economic Community in 1973.|
Celts and Ancient History, Bronze and Iron Age - The
ancient culture of the Celts had settled in many
European countries including Austria, Britain, Ireland,
France, Holland, Belgium, Switzerland, Western Germany,
Northern Spain, Turkey and Hungary. |
The Irish Government is expected to
call a General Election in Ireland for 2007.|