Irish History from 10,000-100 BC
Earliest settlers arrived in Ireland. They crossed by land bridge from
Scotland. These people were mainly hunters.
Colonists of the stone-age period reached Ireland. These people were
farmers. Remnants of their civilization have been excavated at Lough
Gur in Co. Limerick. They traded in a limited form in products, such
as axe-heads. One of their monuments, a megalithic tomb at Newgrange
in Co. Meath, has survived.
Prospectors and metalworkers arrived. Metal deposits were discovered;
bronze and gold objects were made. Items such as axe-heads, pottery
and jewelrey have been found.
More people reached Ireland, producing a greater variety of weapons
and artifacts. A common dwelling was the "crannog", an artificial
island, constructed in the middle of a lake.
Celts started arriving in Ireland. They continued to arrive, up to the
time of Christianity. They soon began to dominate Ireland.
The Celtic culture of the La Tene civilization reached Ireland.
Arrival of the Gaels
| Gaelic is the Celtic branch of the Indo-European
family of languages. About one person in five in Ireland can speak
Irish today, but only one in 20 use it daily. In Scotland
approximately 80,000 people speak Gaelic. |
Saint Patrick (about 389-461) is the patron saint of
Ireland. Patrick was born in Britain.|
Ireland, together with Britain, joined
the European Economic Community in 1973.|
Celts and Ancient History, Bronze and Iron Age - The
ancient culture of the Celts had settled in many
European countries including Austria, Britain, Ireland,
France, Holland, Belgium, Switzerland, Western Germany,
Northern Spain, Turkey and Hungary. |
a parliamentary democracy. The National Parliament
(Oireachtas) consists of the President and two Houses:
Dáil Éireann (the House of Representatives) and Seanad
Éireann (the Senate) Northern Ireland
has a parliamentary monarchy and an electoral democracy.
The voting age is 18 in both parts of Ireland.